McDonald's de Toledo / Toledo McDonald's, autor Marcio Cabral de Moura
21º dia de viagem - Toledo, Espanha.
<i>Toledo foi a capital da Espanha visigótica, desde o reinado de Leovigildo, até a conquista moura da península Ibérica no século VIII. Sob o Califado de Córdoba, Toledo conheceu uma era de prosperidade.
A 25 de maio de 1085, Afonso VI de Castela ocupou Toledo e estabeleceu controle direto sobre a cidade moura. Este foi o primeiro passo concreto do reino de Leão e Castela na chamada Reconquista.
Toledo era famosa por sua produção de aço, especialmente espadas, e a cidade ainda é um centro de manufatura de facas e pequenas ferramentas de aço. Após Filipe II de Espanha mudar a corte de Toledo para Madrid em 1561, a cidade entrou em lento declínio, do qual nunca se recuperou.</i>
21st day of journey - Toledo, Spain.
<i>Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage as one of the former capitals of the Spanish Empire and place of coexistence of Christian, Jewish and Moorish cultures. Many famous people and artists were born or lived in Toledo, including Garcilaso de la Vega, Alfonso X and El Greco, and it was the place of important historic events such as the Visigothic Councils of Toledo. As of 2005, the city has a population of 75,578 and an area of 232.1 km² (89.59 square miles).
Toledo later served as the capital city of Visigothic Spain, beginning with Liuvigild (Leovigild), and was the capital until the Moors conquered Iberia in the 8th century. Under the Caliphate of Cordoba, Toledo enjoyed a golden age. This extensive period is known as La Convivencia, i.e. the co-existence of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Under Arab rule, Toledo was called Tulaytulah.
On May 25, 1085 Alfonso VI of Castile took Toledo and established direct personal control over the Moorish city from which he had been exacting tribute, and ending the mediaeval Taifa's Kingdom of Toledo . This was the first concrete step taken by the combined kingdom of Leon-Castile in the Reconquista by Christian forces.
Toledo was famed for its production of iron and especially of swords and the city is still a center for the manufacture of knives and other steel implements. When Philip II moved the royal court from Toledo to Madrid in 1561, the old city went into a slow decline from which it never recovered.
Toledo's Alcázar became renowned in the 19th and 20th centuries as a military academy. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 its garrison was famously besieged by Republican forces.</i>
Praça da Espanha on turismimagnet, üks Väljakud asukohtadest Curitiba , Brasiilia . See asub: 52 km alates Colombo, 319 km alates Joinville, 860 km alates Sorocaba. Loe edasi